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What are the complications of diabetes on the elderly?

Diabetes is one of the chronic diseases that many suffer from, especially the elderly, the underlying cause of diabetes varies by type but no matter what type of diabetes you have, it may lead to increased blood sugar, high blood sugar can lead to serious health problems.

According to the mayoclinic website, it is recommended to take the appropriate medications for diabetics on their exact dates in order to avoid complications that patients, especially the elderly, are exposed to, which are:

Long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. The longer you have diabetes, and the less control your blood sugar is, the higher the risk of complications eventually developing. Possible complications include:

1: Cardiovascular disease: Diabetes greatly increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, and narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), if you have heart disease. If you have diabetes, you are more likely to have heart disease or a stroke.

2: Nerve damage (neuropathy): Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that feed your nerves, especially in your legs and this can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upwards.

If left untreated, you may lose all sensation in the affected extremities, and nerve damage related to digestion can lead to problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. For men, it may lead to erectile dysfunction.

3: Kidney damage (nephropathy): The kidneys contain millions of collections of tiny blood vessels (glomeruli) that filter blood from waste products and diabetes can damage this microfiltration system, severe damage can lead to kidney failure or kidney disease in stage Irreversible, which may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.

4: Eye damage (retinopathy): Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the retina (diabetic retinopathy), which can lead to blindness. Diabetes also increases the risk of other serious vision diseases, such as cataracts. .

5: Foot damage: Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. If wounds and blisters are left untreated, they may cause serious infections, which often heal poorly, and this infection may require Eventually amputation of a toe, foot or leg.

6: Hearing impairment: Hearing problems are more common in people with diabetes.

7:Alzheimer's disease: Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of dementia, such as Alzheimer's disease, the poorer the control of blood sugar, the greater the risk Although there are theories about how these disorders are linked, it has not been proven None of them yet.