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Today, the Security Council holds an expanded consultative session on peacebuilding in Libya


Today, Thursday, the United Nations Security Council will hold an expanded consultative session on the overall situation and peace-building efforts in Libya at the ministerial level. In its session, the Council will review the efforts made by the United Nations Mission in Libya, where the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Jan Kubis, will present a statement to the Council in this regard. connection.


Representatives of the member states of the Security Council are scheduled to participate in the session, as well as Libyan Prime Minister Abdel Hamid Dabaiba, Chadian Foreign Minister Mohamed Zein Sharif, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas and representatives of the European Union, and United Nations sources said that the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States Ahmed Aboul Gheit will also participate in the session due to the great importance of the session's work agenda and the intense level of international representation there.

 

French Foreign and European Affairs Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian will preside over the session, as France currently holds the rotating presidency of the Security Council.

 

The Middle East News Agency learned that during the session, efforts aimed at strengthening the peace-building process in Libya, and the successes achieved in this regard, as well as the failures it faces, will be reviewed, as the discussion agenda includes work requirements to build on the successes achieved, most notably a ceasefire agreement. The fire in Libya concluded in October 2020, and efforts to form a government of national unity in Libya that will lead the country to hold presidential and parliamentary elections by the twenty-fourth of next December, and the inauguration of the High National Commission for Voter Registration in Libya and updating its database.

 

The Middle East News Agency also learned from its sources in the United Nations that the European Union delegation participating in the session comes with a report on the measures taken by the European Navy to prevent the flow of refugees and illegal immigrants from Libya towards European coasts, a process known as “Operation IRINI.” Which is implemented by the European Union mandated by the UN Security Council under its Resolution No. 2292 issued on June 14, 2016 with the aim of preventing illegal immigrants from Libya and monitoring violations of the arms embargo.

 

The European report, which will be submitted to the Council today, reveals that European naval units have carried out, within the framework of Operation Irene, 3,566 reconnaissance patrols and 153 stopping and verification operations for ships heading to and from the Libyan coast towards Europe, as well as carrying out 17 maritime inspections. For those ships, during the period from March 30, 2020 to July 5, 2020.

 

The European side will also brief the Security Council on its vision of the requirements for strengthening the "IRINI operation", in anticipation of the renewal of the Security Council's mandate for the European Union to implement it, which is scheduled to be considered by next September.

 

The UN Security Council views the problem of illegal immigration from Libya to the territory of the European Union with great concern, and considers it one of the obstacles to international peace and security, which is no less dangerous than the continued flow of arms into Libyan territory. 34,224 people ride the waves of the Mediterranean heading to the shores of southern Europe, a huge number that indicates the growth of illegal immigration from Libya towards the northern shores of the Mediterranean, especially when compared to the number of people who tried to do so in the same period last year, which amounted to 22,577 migrants, and that According to data released by the International Organization for Migration of the United Nations.

 

During today's session, the group (3 + 1), which is the group that handles the file of the problem of "mercenaries present on Libyan soil", will discuss the requirements for joint international action to end the presence of mercenaries and foreign fighters on Libyan soil, and the "3 + 1" group includes three countries Africa members of the Security Council are: Kenya, Niger and Tunisia, in addition to the federal state of Grenada and Saint Vincent.

 

In this regard, United Nations sources revealed efforts by Chad, in coordination with member and non-member countries of the Security Council, to expedite the termination of the presence of foreign fighters and mercenaries from Libyan territory, according to the “Arria” formula, which was reached on the eighteenth of June. In the past, after meetings that were jointly sponsored by Chad and the "3 + 1" group, the mechanisms for the expulsion of foreign fighters from Libya were determined, as well as the mechanisms for monitoring the ceasefire in order to achieve internal stability and prepare the atmosphere in Libya for holding the elections next December, which will be an area for consultation and research. during today's session.

 

It is also expected that the session will raise topics related to the procedures for activating a comprehensive embargo on the supply of arms to Libya and holding accountable “violators of international humanitarian law” on Libyan soil. The participants will review the periodic report of the Chairman of the Sanctions Committee imposed on Libya, a file that sources in the Security Council suggested that It is adjourned to a special session if time does not suffice to do so in today's session, due to the overcrowding in the agenda of the items under discussion.

Among the axes of the session’s discussion is a review of the problems that hinder efforts to continue building confidence between the parties to the political process, and strengthening the social fabric in Libya, as well as the problems related to the procedures for unifying the Libyan state institutions, including ending the duplication of the work of the Central Bank of Libya as a “state institution.”


Today's Security Council meetings will establish a platform for action to mobilize and devote an "international commitment" to confront the problems that impede the peace-building process in Libya, and from this point of view, UN sources say that today's meetings are of particular importance.

During the past few days, the Security Council held hearings on the “outputs of Berlin - 2”, which today may lead to the issuance of a “presidential declaration” to support it, but the UN sources did not say whether these discussions will end with the issuance of this declaration or not at the conclusion of the session Today or postpone it to a private session.

 

On June 23, Germany hosted the “Berlin-2” conference to discuss obstacles to peacebuilding in Libya, under the auspices of the German Foreign Minister and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, with the participation of representatives of members of the Security Council and relevant international organizations, which had previously participated in The "Berlin-1" conference sponsored by Germany last year, and the UN Security Council approved its outputs, which were contained in the Council document No. 2510 of February 12, 2020.

Observers considered that the “Berlin-1” document constitutes an important element and a comprehensive framework for reaching a solution that achieves stability in Libya, “that can be built upon in the future as a road map, which led to the “Berlin 2 Conference”, which was held under the joint German and UN sponsorship last June. .

 

In the “Berlin-2” conference, the participants focused on issues related to the holding of elections in Libya, the necessity of evacuating foreign fighters and mercenaries from its lands, and unifying the security forces in Libya. The Government of National Unity in Libya participated in the “Berlin-2” meetings this year, which emerged from it. What is known as the "Berlin Declaration Document - 2", which was deposited at the United Nations on the twenty-fourth of last June, bearing the number 595 for the year 2021.

 

According to United Nations sources, the lack of "consensual consensus among the parties to the political dialogue forum in Libya" constitutes one of the obstacles to the peace-building process in Libya, which is a forum that includes 75 members representing all Libyan regions and regions, which constitutes a serious challenge to the holding of the upcoming Libyan elections. The lack of a unified budget for the Libyan state” is another problem facing the peace-building process and the consolidation of state rules in Libya.

 

The international community is still searching for solutions to the continued presence of thousands of foreign fighters on Libyan soil, as well as the continued escalation of the exodus of asylum seekers and illegal immigrants from Libya towards European coasts, as they are two main sources that threaten peace-building efforts and reviving the state in Libya.

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