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World Albinism Awareness Day.. How it leads to skin cancer


The world celebrates the World Albinism Awareness Day on June 13 of each year. Albinism is a rare and non-contagious genetic disease characterized by hypopigmentation in parts of the body such as hair, eyes and skin. People with albinism also suffer from visual impairment and are at risk of developing skin cancer.


 People with albinism face discrimination all over the world, so, this day aims to educate people, we will discuss albinism types, causes, symptoms and treatments, according to what was published by boldsky website


Types of albinism

There are two prominent types of albinism. The most common form of albinism is oculocutaneous albinism, affecting mainly the skin and eyes. To date, seven types of albinism have been identified. Another prominent type of albinism includes ocular albinism, followed by Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome and Chidiak-Higashi syndrome.



Causes of albinism

According to a study, albinism was one of the first genetic diseases observed in humans, but until recently the molecular mechanism behind this condition was identified. Albinism is caused by mutation in at least seven different genes. These genetic mutations lead to a decrease in melanin biosynthesis, which leads to a decrease in melanin biosynthesis. It causes many clinical manifestations such as hypopigmentation of the skin, eyes and hair and decreased vision. The type of genetic mutation determines its types and clinical characteristics.

 

Symptoms of albinism

 

White hair and very fair skin.

 

Hair color can range from very white to brown to pale yellow for eyebrows and eyelashes.

 

Eye color can be light blue or brown.


The iris of the eye may be transparent, making the eyes appear red in some lighting.

 

Weak eyesight and the inability of the eyes to move in harmony.

 

Sensitivity to light, blurred vision, impaired depth perception, and, in some cases, complete blindness.

 

albinism treatments

 

Eye care:

They include annual eye exams, optic muscle surgery, and eyeglasses or other vision-correcting treatments.

 

Skin care: These include tips to protect the skin from the sun's rays such as wearing protective clothing, limiting outdoor activities, wearing sunscreen and an annual eye exam to prevent the risk of skin cancer.


New genetic therapies:

Treatment of albinism is currently aimed either surgically or pharmacologically to improve vision and protect the skin. However, new treatments are about to be developed that aim to address the molecular errors of albinism. These gene-based strategies can modify genetic errors in albinism and represent a new era in the management of albinism.

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