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What is the difference between heat cramps and heat stroke? Learn about treatments


Heat cramps are painful muscle cramps that occur due to exercise in hot and humid climates, while heat cramps are not dangerous, but they can be a sign of heat exhaustion or heat stroke, to avoid heat cramps, drink plenty of water and rest when exercising at high temperatures. High temperature.


According to an INSIDER report, the combination of high temperatures and physical activity can lead to heat cramps in your muscles, particularly in the calves, thighs and arms, along with heat exhaustion and heat stroke.


What are heat cramps?

Much like muscle cramps, the number one cause of heat cramps — in addition to heat exhaustion and heat stroke, is exercise in hot and humid conditions.


Hot weather, along with physical activity, sets the stage for heavy sweating, and when people sweat, they lose fluids and electrolytes, which can lead to muscle cramps.


How do you differentiate between heat exhaustion and heat stroke?

Heat cramps can also be an early symptom of heat stress, which occurs when your body begins to overheat. If you don't cool yourself down right away, you could get heat stroke, which can lead to death and should seek immediate medical attention.


Heat cramps can be a symptom of heat exhaustion, however, as long as you pay attention to the warning signs of heat cramps, the risk of heat stroke is low, and heat cramps are limited and do not lead to severe heat-related emergencies such as heat stroke.


Methods for treating heat cramps


Stop exercise and stay out of the heat: Physical exertion will cause you to sweat, so pause exercise or other physical activities, do not resume activity for several hours. Rest in the shade or in an air-conditioned room.

Replenish fluids and electrolytes: To treat heat cramps, you can have a sports drink. This will help replace fluids and salts lost from the body through heavy sweating, and help your muscles recover. A clear juice such as apple juice can also be a good option, or any food rich in salt.

Massage the area with cramps: Slowly extend your arm, leg, or other tight area You can tighten and gently massage the muscles to relieve cramps Stay hydrated Drinking plenty of water is an important strategy to prevent further heat-related illness when it's hot outside, especially if you Exercising, drinking water every 15 minutes even if you're not thirsty, and avoiding dehydrated drinks in the heat, such as coffee.

Wear light clothing: If it's hot, removing excess clothing during physical activity may help reduce the chance of heat cramps.

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