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Symptoms of typhoid fever .. and how to protect yourself from it?


Typhoid is a bacterial infection that can lead to high temperature, diarrhea and vomiting, and is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. The infection is often transmitted through contaminated foods and drinking water, and it is more prevalent in places where hand washing is less. It can also be transmitted by vectors who They don't know they are carrying bacteria.


According to medicalnewstoday, the symptoms of typhoid fever are:


1: Symptoms usually begin between 6 and 30 days after exposure to the bacteria.


The main symptoms of typhoid are fever and rash. Typhoid fever is particularly high, increasing gradually over several days, reaching 39 to 40°C.


The rash, which does not affect every patient, consists of pink spots, especially on the neck and abdomen.


Other symptoms can include:

 

1: Severe weakness in the body.


2: Abdominal pain.


3: severe constipation.


4: Constant headache.


In rare cases, symptoms may include confusion, diarrhea, and vomiting, but this is not usually severe.



In severe, untreated cases, the intestines can become perforated. This can lead to peritonitis, an inflammation of the tissues that line the inside of the abdomen.


The only effective treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. Other than antibiotics, it is important to rehydrate by drinking enough water. In more severe cases, where the intestine is perforated, surgery may be required.


There are some general rules that must be followed when traveling to help reduce the chance of catching typhoid infection, including:


1: Drink bottled water, preferably carbonated.


2: If bottled water cannot be obtained, be sure to heat the water on a boil for at least 1 minute before consuming.


3: Be careful not to eat anything that has been ingested by another person.


4: Avoid eating at street food stalls and only eat food that is still hot.


5: Avoid raw fruits and vegetables, taking care to wash them well before eating them.

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