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All you need to know about meningitis.. its symptoms and ways to prevent it

Meningitis is inflammation of the fluid and membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Swelling from meningitis often triggers signs and symptoms such as headache, fever, and a stiff neck. Most cases of meningitis result from a viral infection, but bacterial, parasitic, and fungal infections are other causes. Some cases of meningitis improve. Without treatment within several weeks, other conditions can be life-threatening and require emergency treatment with antibiotics.

According to the mayoclinic website, the seventh day offers everything you need to know about meningitis, which is:

What are the symptoms of meningitis?

1: Sudden high fever.

2: stiff neck.

3: A severe headache that seems different from normal.

4: Headache accompanied by nausea or vomiting.

5: Confusion or difficulty concentrating.

6: seizures.

7: Drowsiness or difficulty waking up.

8: Sensitivity to light.

9: Loss of appetite or thirst.

10: a rash (in some cases, as in meningococcal meningitis).

What are the causes of meningitis?

Viral infection is the most common cause of meningitis, followed by bacterial infection, then fungal and parasitic infections.

Meningitis can also result from non-infectious causes, such as chemical reactions, drug allergies, some types of cancer and sarcoidosis.

 What are the risk factors?


Risk factors for meningitis include:

1: Missing out on vaccinations as the risk of infection increases if you do not complete the recommended vaccination schedule in childhood or adulthood.

2: Age. Most cases of viral meningitis occur in children younger than 5 years of age. Bacterial meningitis is most common in those under 20 years of age.

3: Pregnancy Pregnancy increases the risk of listeriosis, an infection caused by the listeria bacteria, which may also cause meningitis.

4: A weak immune system makes you more susceptible to meningitis.

What are the complications of meningitis?


1: Hearing loss.

2: Difficulty remembering.

3: Learning difficulties.

4: Brain damage.

5: Problems walking.

6: Seizures.

7: Kidney failure.

 What are the ways to prevent meningitis?


Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, toothbrushes or cigarettes.

These steps can help prevent meningitis:

1: Washing hands carefully helps prevent the spread of germs.

2: Do not share drinks, food, eating utensils, lip balms or toothbrushes with anyone else.

3: Maintain your immune system by getting enough rest, exercising regularly, and eating healthy food with plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.