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What is an aneurysm? Its symptoms, causes and prognosis



An aneurysm is an exit from a defective or diseased blood vessel, and it can be found in any part of the body, including the brain, and an aneurysm can be congenital (from birth), due to high blood pressure, post-traumatic stress, or whatever After infection.


According to the report of the "onlymyhealth" site, the aneurysm is like a balloon resulting from the weakness of the blood vessel wall, and usually, the artery wall is soft at this site since birth and the size of the stitches increases with age, and the brain bleeding caused by a rupture of the aneurysm may lead to severe headache Sudden loss of consciousness, vomiting, seizures, or limb weakness.



Symptoms of aneurysm

 

Sudden bleeding from any part of the body.

Double vision or other changes in vision.

Feeling severe nerve pain.

Pain above or below the eye.

Dizziness and lightheadedness.

Increased heart rate.


What are the causes of aneurysms?

 


The exact cause of this disease is not yet known, but there are some factors that increase the risk of developing this disease such as:


Arterial walls may be weakened by a defect in arterial tissue, which can lead to aneurysms.


High blood pressure also puts pressure on nerves, which can lead to aneurysm disease.


People with polycystic kidney disease may also be at risk of developing an aneurysm.


The veins can also rupture due to blood clotting.


Family history.



What is the prognosis of an aneurysm?

 

Aneurysms can be diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging and angiography, and giant aneurysms can be seen on a CT scan. Angiography is of three types: MRI, CT angiography, and DSA (digital subtraction angiography).


 


Who is at risk of developing an aneurysm?

 

The risk of developing aneurysms is increased in patients with collagen vascular disease and patients with chronic hypertension, and brain infection and penetrating brain injury may also increase the risk.


The risk of rupture is related to blood pressure, and any sudden increase in blood pressure can rupture the wall of a weakened aneurysm and cause bleeding.



Aneurysms can occur at any age. But it is shared between the ages of 30 and 60 (more among women than men).


How can an aneurysm be prevented?

 

An aneurysm cannot be prevented from forming within the brain, and its rupture can be prevented by maintaining reasonable control of blood pressure. Aneurysms are observed in patients with uncontrolled chronic hypertension, which can be prevented by strict pressure control the blood.


 Uncontrolled diabetes can also damage the wall and blood vessels, and a ruptured aneurysm is fatal in about 50% of cases, and among survivors, about 66% have permanent neurological deficits, and people with a ruptured aneurysm usually die ( About 15%) before reaching the hospital.


 Most deaths are caused by massive and rapid brain injury, and the best thing to prevent future aneurysms is to take care of your overall health. Measures you can take include: limiting caffeine, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, and avoiding stimulant drugs. If you have a family history of heart attack or heart disease, make lifestyle changes to improve your health.

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